Red Monastery – Deir al-Ahmar
The Red Monastery, a Coptic Orthodox monastery and named after the Egyptian Saints Bishai (Pishay) and Bigol, gets it name from the color of the construction materials consisting of red brick and the red granite columns transported from ancient Egyptian sites. Some columns are inscribed with the Ankh ( ancient Egyptian symbol of the key of life,) the doorsills are of red marble that was transported from the Akhmim or Aswan.
The Red Monastery is located in the ancient region of Adriba, that lies in near Sohag governoarate. The Red Monastery was at the heart of a large monastic community in an area known as an important centre of ascetic life in the fifth century. Considered one of the most important monuments of the Coptic period, it was built in the fourth
century. The basilica rectangular nave at the end a tri-lobed sanctuary and borrows from ancient Egyptian architecture with the outside of the building and the gate resembling a Phararonic temples.
The grandeur of Coptic art is showcased in the ancient icons such as the icon of the Holy Eucharist, the icon of the Cross, the Nursing Virgin Mary with antiquity icons between 500-700 CE.
Read more at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Monastery
Book on the Red Monastery, at email@example.com, ISBN 978-977-90-3448-5
White Monastery – Deir al-Abyad
The White Monastery is architecturally similar to the Red Monastery. The only surviving piece of the original monastery is its church complex, which was built in the Basilica style and the lay-out resemblances that of an Ancient Egyptian Temple. The fortress like churh resembles a pharaonic temple with two rows of windows. The name comes from the color of the white limestone walls brought from the pharaonic city of Atripe
The White Monastery is a coptic Orthodox monastery named after Saint Shenoute the Archimandrite who founded the monastery in 440 CE and died in ca. 446. This area was populate by hermits from the fourth century. Shenoute is known from his writings and from the bibliography of his successor. “He was a stern opponent of pagans and heretics but claimed to champion the oppressed, at one time sheltering a reported 20,000 refugees from invaders within the walls of his monastery.” (Egypt From Alexander to the Copts, p180) In the 11th century the monks were Armenian. The monastery was attacked during the battle between the Fatimid wazir Shawar and Shirkuh in 1168. Restoration was carried out by Muhammed Ali Pasha in the 19th century.
Read more at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Monastery
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